终身动物护理的机遇与挑战

Compared to 动物s in the wild, those in human care tend to live significantly longer lives, sometimes doubling life expectancy. This presents unique challenges to Zoo staff and requires innovations to ensure quality of life is maintained for senior 动物s.

Frequent issues faced by 动物s in their golden years are cataracts and&牙齿问题。动物园’ s兽医人员接受了口腔保健程序(例如拔牙)的培训,并拥有许多专家会就更多 complex cases.

牙科程序

几年前, animal was facing a series of mouth infections and abscesses. After three procedures to remove infected teeth, the 动物 was still having issues with mouth infections. Veterinary caretakers tried adding antibiotic bone cement to the sockets to gradually release antibiotics over time around the areas of infection. This innovative treatment proved successful!

Another common age-related ailment is arthritis, which creates inflammation and pain in the joints of geriatric 动物s. One innovative way vet teams are treating joint issues is with cold laser therapy.

“冷激光疗法会在细胞水平上施加影响组织的变化波长的光,从而减轻炎症和疼痛,同时促进健康新细胞的生长,” said Jennifer D’OKC动物园兽医服务总监Agostino。“虽然每次治疗仅需15分钟左右,但需要进行各种行为训练,以教导动物如何站立和定位自己,以便可以进行治疗。”

火烈鸟治疗

冷激光治疗也用于伤口治疗。虽然在人类中使用已变得司空见惯,’是对动物园医学工具包的较新的补充。

Zoos are increasingly aware of the needs of 动物s at different stages of their lives and how their behavior and their needs might evolve throughout time. This means training 动物 caretakers to be aware of even the smallest change in the emotional and physical wellbeing of each 动物.

“我们评估我们所有的动物’每天查看福利的因素,例如获得食物和水的能力,个人对刺激的反应程度,社会行为以及疼痛或困扰的身体症状等,”OKC动物园行为与福利部策展人金伯利·莱瑟(Kimberly Leser)说。“我们的看护人是监视福利的重要资源,因为他们每天与动物互动,并能够发现行为何时发生变化–甚至看似微小的变化,例如身体运动 或不同的晶须位置– occur.” 

沃利诞辰

如果食物随着年龄的增长而变得难以处理,那么工作人员可以改变饮食或将食物切碎。如果动物在攀爬或跳跃时遇到问题,则可能发生栖息地改变。例如,当一些动物园’由于发现了蛇的关节炎,看护者更新了栖息地,以减少在空间中移动所需的扭曲和弯曲。另一个常见的修改方法是添加柔软的底物(如沙子),以放置较大的动物。

当这些方法不再有效时,动物园’s commitment to whole life care and 动物 welfare also includes the difficult conversation about end of life.

“It’一直是一个艰巨而令人不安的话题,但是死亡是生活的一部分,我们必须直面,” D’Agostino said. “如果动物开始表现出衰退的迹象,我们将对它们进行生命周期监控。当我们看到生命的尽头即将到来,并且无法通过治疗减轻疼痛时,我们做出了艰难而必要的决定,以人道安乐死并避免了动物不必要的痛苦。”

分享 |
搜索网站